The Gospel Coalition has posted a link to the pdf of an article, "The Person of Christ," which is a part of the The ESV Study Bible. It seems to me [neither a scholar nor a theologian] a pretty good primer. [Update: according to Justin Taylor, the author of the article is Erik Thoennes of Biola]
The introductory paragraph:
Four statements must be understood and affirmed in order to attain a complete biblical picture of the person of Jesus Christ:A chart included later in the article neatly summarizes "Heresies Concerning the Person of Christ":
- Jesus Christ is fully and completely divine.
- Jesus Christ is fully and completely human.
- The divine and human natures of Christ are distinct.
- The divine and human natures of Christ are completely united in one person.
|Ebionism||denies the deity of Christ|
|Arianism||denies the fullness of the deity of Christ|
|Docetism||denies the humanity of Christ|
|Apollinarianism||denies the fullness of the humanity of Christ|
|Nestorianism||denies the unity of the natures in one person|
|Eutychianism||denies the distinction of the natures|
The pdf is linked here.
The Gospel Coalition - The Person of Christ